Birthdays: Jean Paul Marat, Queen Victoria, Walt Whitman, Emmanuel Leutze, Gary Burghoff, Priscilla Presley, Patti LaBelle, Tommy Chong of Cheech & Chong, Peter Ellenshaw, Kristin Scott Thomas is 59, Alfred Molina is 66, Jim Broadbent is 70, John C. Reilly is 54, Bob Dylan is 78
1830 –The poem "Mary Had A Little Lamb," was written.
1844- Samuel Morse sent the first telegraph message. From Washington to Baltimore it said: "What Hath God Wrought?" The message was from the Bible- Numbers 23:23.
Samuel Morse considered himself an artist first and did a little inventing to pay the bills. He heard a French inventor had speculated about the idea of telegraphy so he decided to build a working model and invented the Morse code system of representing letters with dots and dashes. Members of Congress and octogenarian former First Lady Dolly Madison were present at the ceremony. By the decade’s end, twenty thousand miles of telegraph wire crisscrossed the country.
1850- America’s first nationwide illustrated newspaper/magazine Harpers Weekly began.
1866 - Berkeley, California founded, named for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.
1929- The Marx Brothers first movie comedy” The Coconuts” premiered.
1935- The first Baseball night game- Reds vs. Phillies.
1941- Paramount Pictures seized control of the Max Fleischer Studio in Miami. They allowed Max and Dave Fleischer another 26 weeks to complete their projects in house but as Paramount employees. They had to sign “resignations in blank” to be exercised at Paramount’s discretion when the 26 weeks were up. Max and Dave quit by then anyway. The studio was re-organized as Famous Studio, and moved back to New York in Jan 1943.
1949- The city of Shanghai was captured from the KMT by the communist Peoples Liberation Army of Mao tse Dong.
1950- Married movie star Ingrid Bergman shocked American morality by having an open love affair with neorealist film director Roberto Rosselini. This day they were finally married but the outcry of conservatives about this “Apostle of Degradation” was such that her image needed a makeover. So she played Saint Joan of Arc.
1954 - IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain, a computer that could perform 10
million operations an hour.
1958 – United Press & International News Service merge into United Press International.
1989- In Los Angeles, a spectacular fire destroyed the Art-Deco-Moderne all-wood landmark, the Pan Pacific Auditorium.
1991- Tri-Star Pictures $75 million-dollar flop "Hudson Hawk" opened.
Star Bruce Willis, whose own salary was $17 million, blamed the film’s costs on union filmworkers’ salaries. He would return to his car after a day’s shooting to find it covered with animal excrement. The film almost sank his career. Willis’ next two films, "Death Becomes Her" and 'Pulp Fiction", he did for scale. In 2000 he gave a $100,000 dollar donation to the SAG/AFTRA strike fund.
1991- Ridley Scott’s Thelma & Louiseopened.