Birthdays: Stan Laurel, Willy Boskovsky, Joyce Carol Oates, Nelson Doubleday, Brian Eno, animator Pete Burness, Martha Graham, Erich Segal, Jack Albertson, Helen Traubel, Ron LeFlore, Laurie Metcalf, Sonia Braga is 68, John Cho is 46.
1902- A musical play of L Frank Baum’s fantasy story the Wizard of Oz premiered at Chicago’s Grand Opera House. When Baum was writing down the stories at one point he was stuck for a name for the magical kingdom. He looked down at his desk files that were labeled A-N and O-Z.
1903 – The Pepsi Cola Company formed.
1920- International Telephone and Telegraph incorporates- IT&T.
1932- Broadway star Mae West heads west for Hollywood to make movies.
1943- 54 year old actor Charlie Chaplin married his fourth wife, 18 year old Oona O’Neill. In Hollywood, Chaplin’s nickname was “Chickenhawk Charlie” for his fondness for underage girls. Oona did remain his wife until the end of his life in 1971.
1947 –The 1st regular broadcast network news show began-Dumont's "News from Washington".
1952- The CBS television comedy My Little Margie premiered. It starred Gale Storm and Charlie Farrell.
1955- Disney’s Lady and the Tramp premiered.
1959- Actor George Reeves, who played the 1950s television Superman, went upstairs during a dinner party and shot himself with a Luger pistol. Actor Gig Young, who was a friend of Reeves, said the actor 's career was going well and his love life was fine. He never believed the actor would shoot himself. Gig Young shot himself in 1981.
1960- Alfred Hitchcock's thriller "Psycho" premiered.
1967- The film “The Dirty Dozen” debuted.