Birthdays: Alex de Tocqueville, Benito Mussolini,, Clara Bow, Natalie Wood, Paul Taylor, Sig Romberg, Dag Hammarskjold, Peter Jennings, Michael Spinks, Dave Stevens cartoonist creator of the Rocketeer, Ken Burns is 64, Booth Tarkington, David Warner, Steven Dorff, Professor Irwin Corey
1890- Near Auvers-sur-Oise, artist Vincent Van Gogh went behind a hay bale and shot himself. He didn’t shoot himself in the head but in the gut. He lingered for two more days and died of blood poisoning. He was 37. His brother Theo was so distraught he died six months later of a brain disease and melancholia.
1922- In Kansas City, Walt Disney released his first Laugh-o-Gram short- Little Red Riding Hood.
1936 - RCA shows 1st real TV program: dancing, a film on locomotives, a Bonwit
Teller fashion show & monologue from the Tobacco Road radio comedy show.
1938- Three Missing Links- a Three Stooges comedy with the boys as cave men and Ray Crash Corrigan in a gorilla suit.
1942- Orson Welles leaves Rio De Janiero after RKO fires him and stops production of "It's All True". They also have “the Magnificent Ambersons” re-cut to a more acceptable 90 minutes. The also fired the executive producer who recruited him to Hollywood.
1948- Former Disney animation assistant Hank Ketcham’s comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appeared.
1962- The film “Dr No” premiered, introducing the world to the suave spy James Bond 007. They first considered Cary Grant, David Niven and Patrick McGoohan, James Mason, who all turned them down. So the producers picked young Scots actor Sean Connery. Ian Fleming wrote of the decision “ Disaster!!”
1965 - Beatles movie "Help" premiered, Queen Elizabeth attends.
1972- Mamas and the Papa's chubby singer Mama Cass Eliot dies of a stroke, not as was widely believed from choking on a sandwich.