Birthdays: Roman Emperor Caracalla, Edweard Muybridge, Maya Angelou, Frances Langford, Irv Spence- Tom & Jerry animator, Gil Hodges, Arthur Murray, Muddy Waters, Cloris Leachman, Dorothea Dix, Elmer Bernstein, Bijan, Heath Ledger, Robert Downey Jr is 51, Barry Pepper, Craig T. Nelson is 72, Hugo Weaving is 56
1850- The City of Los Angeles was incorporated under U.S. law.
1952-CARTOON COMMIES- Nationally syndicated columnist Walter Winchell accused the owners of a New York commercial animation studio, Tempo Productions, of Communist sympathies. One of the owners was Disney Layoutman Dave Hilberman, who was a union organizer and was the only artist personally named by Walt Disney to the House UnAmerican Activities Committee. The F.B.I. began investigating Tempo and their Madison Avenue clients quickly pulled their business. Tempo closed, laying off 50 artists. Mr. Clean, Markie Maypo and the Hamm’s Beer Bear were once again safe from Red subversion.
1954- Arturo Toscanini, who had been making music since the 1880’s, conducted his final concert.
1958- Screen goddess Lana Turner and her gangster lover Johnny Stompanato had a violent argument that ended when Turner’s teenage daughter plunged a large kitchen knife into his chest. She was acquitted as justifiable homicide, and rumors maintain the daughter was covering for her mother’s own actions. It was whispered Hollywood society ladies had nicknamed Stompanato’s willy Oscar for it’s size.
1967- Van Nuys premier head shop Captain Ed’s Heads & Highs first opened for business.
1984- In George Orwell’s novel 1984 this is the day Winston Smith started a secret diary and first wrote the dangerous thought-crime “Down With Big Brother”.
1987- Ronald Reagan’s FCC voted to repeal The Fairness Doctrine, which ordered news services to report unbiased news reflecting all opinions. This set the stage for the highly partisan political news reporting of today.
1994- Marc Andreesen and Jim Clark start Netscape. Clark also founded Silicon Graphics, Inc.