Birthdays: Amerigo Vespucci, Eddie Foy Sr., Yuri Gargarin, Samuel Barber, chess master Bobby Fischer, Mickey Spillane, Vita Sackville-West, Raul Julia, Vacheslav Molotov, Juliet Binoche is 52, Linda Fiorentino is 58, Lil’ Bow-Wow is 29
1888- While strolling through his garden, writer Jules Verne was shot twice by an emotional deranged nephew. He recovered, but walked with a limp for the rest of his life.
1907-Former Edison animator J. Stuart Blackton starts "Moving Picture World" an early movie fanzine.
1913- Virginia Woolf completed her first novel The Voyage Out.
1935- The Looney Tune Cartoon "I haven’t Got a Hat" premiered. This cartoon gave birth to the first permanent Warner Bros. Cartoon star- Porky Pig.
1954- Edward R. Murrow does his "See It Now" television broadcast detailing the life of Sen. Joseph McCarthy, the commie-chaser. The obvious contradictions and gross opportunism in McCarthy's record when laid out before a nationwide audience, destroyed his career and took the steam out of the "Red Scare" of the 50's. It is probably television journalism's finest moment. For the lowest? Well, what's on tonight?
1955- Actor James Dean’s film, East of Eden, premiered today,.
1959-The first "Clutch Cargo" show.
1984- Roy E. Disney Jr., Walt’s nephew, resigned from the central board of the Walt Disney Company, setting in motion a series of takeover bids and maneuvering that by August would wrest control of the company from Ron Miller, Walt’s son-in-law.
1984- Touchstone pictures Splash premiered, featuring Tom Hanks, John Candy and a tastefully topless Daryl Hannah.
1989- Artist-photographer Robert Maplethorpe died of AIDS.