Birthdays: Gen. Benjamin "Spoons" Butler, Eugene V. Debs, Art Garfunkel is 74, Roy Rogers, Tatum O'Neill, Elke Sommer- born Baroness Elke Von Shletz is 75, Ike Turner, Vivien Leigh. Will Durant, Joel McCrea, Sam Shepard is 72, John Berger, Robert Patrick is 57, Tilda Swinton is 55
1917- After the collapse of the Czar’s government, the council of the Russian Orthodox Church reinstated the office of Patriarch, suppressed by Peter the Great in 1700.
1937- Disney's silly symphony The Old Mill debuted. The first film featuring the multiplane camera technique.
1938- Samuel Barber’s Adagio for Strings premiered.
1979- National Public Radio’s news show Morning Edition started.