Birthdays: Jean Paul Marat, Queen Victoria, Walt Whitman, Emmanuel Leutze, Gary Burghoff, Priscilla Presley, Patti LaBelle, Tommy Chong of Cheech & Chong, Peter Ellenshaw, Kristin Scott Thomas is 54, Alfred Molina is 61, Jim Broadbent is 65, John C. Reilly is 49, Bob Dylan is 73
1830 –The poem "Mary Had A Little Lamb," was written.
1850- America’s first nationwide newspaper/magazine Harpers Weekly began.
1866 - Berkeley, California founded, named for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.
1929- The Marx Brothers first movie comedy” The Coconuts” premiered.
1950- Married movie star Ingrid Bergman shocked American morality by having an open love affair with neorealist film director Roberto Rosselini. This day they were finally married but the outcry of conservatives about this “Apostle of Degradation” was such that her image needed a makeover, so she played Saint Joan.
1954 - IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10
million operations an hour.
1989- In Los Angeles, a spectacular fire destroyed the Art-Deco-Moderne all-wood landmark, the Pan Pacific Auditorium.
1991- Tri-Star Pictures 75 million-dollar mega-flop "Hudson Hawk" opened.
Star Bruce Willis, whose own salary was $17 million, blamed the film’s costs on union filmworkers’ salaries. He would return to his car after a day’s shooting to find it covered with animal excrement. The film almost sank his career. Willis’ next two films, "Death Becomes Her" and 'Pulp Fiction", he did for scale. In 2000 he made a $100,000 dollar donation to the SAG/AFTRA strike fund.
1991- Ridley Scott’s Thelma & Louise opened.